Patanjali Yoga Sutra Web series
April 08, 2020
Written by Yadla Vishwa Sree
We are going to start a web series which is Patanjali yoga sutras with its meaning, pronunciation and recitation.
These yoga sutras are very useful for yoga, for our day to day life, Yoga certification Exam, UGC NET Exams and yoga courses.
I’m Vishwa Sree Yadla, yoga lecturer working in Bangalore University, yoga therapist, Hypnotherapist, Reiki Grand Master, NLP, Life Coach, Personality Development Trainer, Hypno-Reiki, Psychologist,
Maharishi Patanjali is believed to have lived some time during the 2nd century BCE. Known for his treatise on Yoga, entitled “Patanjali Yoga Sutra”, he was not only an authority on the Science of Yoga, but was also a scientist and a doctor whose clarity and wisdom was remarkable.
He was Disciple of maharishi Panini, the grammarian
As Patanjali was also the author of the treatise “Mahaabhaashya” which is an exposition on Paanini’s “Ashtaadhyaayi”,
Maharishi Patanjali is said to be the incarnation of Anantha, the holy serpent on whom Maha Vishnu reclines in Yoga Nidra. As we know in all the Vishnu avataras what is the role of anantha, in Ramayana, Rama’s younger brother laxhmana, in Mahabharata, krishna’s elder brother balarama, etc
for Patanjali’s avatar, Vishnu was watching the dance of Siva, Adisesha wanted to learn the dance so that he could please his Lord. Impressed by this, Vishnu blessed Adisesha and said that Lord Siva would bless him for his devotion. He would take birth so that he could bless the human race and master the Art of Dance, said the Lord. It was at this time that a virtuous woman named Gonika, who was totally devoted to Yoga, was praying for a worthy son, with a handful of water, when she saw a tiny serpent moving in her hand. Very soon, it turned to human form. This serpent was none other than Adisesha, who had incarnated as Patanjali.
As we can see an interesting story about how Patanjali taught the Science of Yoga thus: Maharishi Patanjali decided that he should have thousand students to learn the science. People from different parts of the land came to him as students. They all gathered in the Southern part of the Vindhya Mountains. Before beginning to teach, Patanjali put a curtain between him and his students. He also put forward a condition that none of his students shall leave the hall during the class. He also said that none should peer through to the other side of the curtain. The students agreed.
The knowledge flowing from the other side was astoundingly profound. At this juncture, one of the students could not resist nature’s call. He went out thinking that the Master seated on the other side would not know that he had left the hall. At the same time, another student, inquisitive to know what was going on, on the other side, lifted the curtain. At that moment, the nine hundred and ninety-nine students were turned to ashes. It was then that the person who went out, returned to the hall.
Patanjali cursed the student for not obeying his master, to turn into brahma rakshasa, because he knowledge of brahma vidya of yoga, when the student asked sorry and asked the solution for curse mukti, then he said,
He would be free from the curse only if he gets a student to whom he could transmit the knowledge acquired from Patanjali. Saying this, Patanjali disappeared.
The Brahma Raakshasa waited for a student for a long time until Patanjali, out of compassion came disguised as a student and freed him from the curse.
As this student who went to nature’s call in between the class, he did not here class completely, as the class was disturbed by removing the curtain, and what Patanjali wanted to say was not complete. And how much this student or brahma rakshasa was having the knowledge, The student in disguise, wrote the knowledge he got, on palm leaves.
Half of the leaves were eaten by a goat.
Now we have 196 sutras which has been divided into 4 padas,
- The first pada is samadhi pada which has got 51 sutras,
- The second pada is sadhana pada which has got 55 sutras,
- The third pada is vibhuti pada which has got 56 sutras, and
- The fourth pada is kaivalya pada which has got 34 sutras.
Patanjali mainly stressed on mental activities.
The maharshi Patañjali is said to have attained Samadhi through yogic meditation at the Brahmapureeswarar Temple located at Tirupattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Jeeva Samadhi of sage Patanjali, which is now an enclosed meditation hall, can be seen near the Brahma’s shrine within Brahmapureeswarar Temple complex.
In this series we will see the sutra which defines
- Concept of Chitta, Chitta Bhumi, Chitta Vritti, Chitta Vikshepa, Chittaprasadanam, Klesha and Vivek-Khyati.
- Concept of Ishwara.
- Concept of Kriya Yoga.
- The astanga yoga i.e.
- Bahiranga Yoga which consists of (Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara).
- Antaranga Yoga which consists of (Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi).
- Pratyahara is considered as the bridge between bahiranga and antaranga yoga.
In the upcoming video we will see the 1st pada, sutra with meaning and how to pronounce it.
Watch this video to understand it.
This is the Web series of Patanjali yoga Sutra.
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